The Book: “History Lesson” by Arthur C. Clarke. Originally published by Startling Stories in 1949, the story was read in Science Fiction Omnibus edited by Groff Conklin. Edition read was published by Berkeley Books in 1956.
The Setting: Earth and Venus in a distant future.
The Story: A devastating cooling of the sun has caused a final ice age. The last humans carry with them pieces of the mid-20th century as sacred relics. As the end descends, they hide the relics away on the highest peak before they die. Later, Venusians come to Earth and discover these relics, seeking to interpret their meaning and learn of this lost culture.
The Science: The central relic found by the Venusians is a reel of film. At the time of this story, most movies were on nitrate film, a highly flammable and dangerous type of material (the fire at the end of Inglourious Basterds? Nitrate film.). So the idea that a reel of film would survive until the end of time, and then survive the environment of Venus is highly questionable. Although the cold of the ice age would be optimal for preservation of such materials.
The Reaction: ooh, I liked this one. Archaeology and the end times, all in one? Lots of fun.
The Cover: It’s an anthology and clearly this cover has nothing to do with this story, but it’s gorgeous. I mean, look at all those spaceships! And they’re such space age spaceships of the future. Love it. But I’m a sucker for retro-future spaceships and rayguns.
Next Up: I, Robot by Isaac Asimov